Paul Turner Stats, News And Video
An ongoing area of study concerns viral ecology, which addresses how viruses interact molecularly within their hosts, between their hosts, and with their setting. In explicit, Turner and his laboratory members have used both phages and viruses of eukaryotes as laboratory models for elucidating evolutionary rules of RNA virus emergence. Paul Turner is the Elihu Professor of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology at Yale University, and faculty member in Microbiology at Yale School of Medicine. He research the evolutionary genetics of viruses, particularly bacteriophages that particularly infect bacterial pathogens, and RNA viruses which are vector-transmitted by mosquitoes.
Professor Turner works with colleagues at VECTOR to review the natural historical past and evolution of pathogenic RNA viruses corresponding to Crimean Congo Hemorrhagic Fever. His non-research work focuses on development of human and laboratory capability for diagnostic microbiology in low-useful resource settings. Turner makes a compelling case that viruses are extra biologically profitable than mobile life, such as in a 2013 evaluate that he coauthored . The article examines gauges of organic success, together with numerical abundance, environmental tolerance, kind biodiversity, reproductive potential, and widespread impact on other organisms.
Evolutionary Constraints Of Viruses
Paul Turner describes the elemental biology of viruses, and provides an introduction to phage therapy, and how it may be improved by making use of ‘evolution pondering. Dr. Paul Turner is Professor of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology at Yale University, and holds an appointment in the Microbiology Program at Yale School of Medicine. His laboratory studies how viruses evolutionarily adapt to beat environmental challenges, similar to temperature changes or infection of novel host species. Turner received his bachelor’s degree in Biology from the University of Rochester in 1988, and accomplished his graduate research in microbial ecology and evolution at Michigan State University in 1995. Turner’s applied research contains on the lookout for pure merchandise that may be helpful in combating essential pathogens.
Dr. Turner received a Biology degree from University of Rochester, and Ph.D. in Zoology from Michigan State University. He did postdoctoral training at National Institutes of Health, University of Valencia in Spain, and University of Maryland-College Park, before joining Yale’s Ecology and Evolutionary Biology Department in 2001. He chaired the Watkins Graduate Research Fellowship award committee for ASM, and acquired the E.E. Just Endowed Research Fellowship and William Townsend Porter Award from Marine Biological Laboratory, and fellowships from Woodrow Wilson Foundation, NSF, NIH and HHMI. Dr. Turner has served as Director of Graduate Studies and as Chair of the Ecology and Evolutionary Biology Department at Yale, in addition to Yale’s Dean of Science and Chair of the Biological Sciences Advisory and Tenure Promotion Committees.
Conducting interdisciplinary and experimental evolution research of microbes, Turner and his colleagues elucidate virus evolution and ecology and host–parasite interactions, amongst different topics. Turner, who was elected to the National Academy of Sciences in 2019, additionally conducts applied research on the event of virus-based mostly therapies that maintain promise for combating antibiotic-resistant bacterial pathogens. His Inaugural Article contributes to that body of analysis, which is helping to launch a new era in phage biotechnology. Turner’s analysis has led to renewed curiosity within the medical potential of phages. In a latest review, he and colleagues compared phage remedy with chemical antibiotics and highlighted their potential synergies when used in combination . The article emphasizes that the new approach not only makes use of viruses to kill pathogenic micro organism, but additionally selects for increased antibiotic sensitivity in the remaining bacterial population.
- Paul Turner is the Elihu Professor of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology at Yale University, and college member in Microbiology at Yale School of Medicine.
- He additionally often collaborates along with his graduate college students and postdoctoral fellows, crediting his students and mentees for his or her inspiration and assist through the years.
- at Imperial College London, where his sponsors embrace John Warner, Stephen Durham and Gideon Lack.
Turner’s analysis frequently makes use of microbes as model methods to test evolutionary and ecological theories. With Lenski and a colleague, Turner used plasmids as fashions to check the theorized systematic trade-off between infectious and intergenerational modes of parasite transmission . The researchers confirmed that infectious parasites cannot evolve to concurrently maximize horizontal and vertical transfers between hosts.